Introduction to Macao
 Chinese and Western
 Cultures and Customs
 World Heritage

Introduction to Macao
  As a small fishing village, Macao was originally named as Hao Jing or Hao Jing Ao, because the port then was called "Ao". Macao and the surrounding areas were teeming with Hao (i.e. oyster). The inner wall of oyster shell is as shiny as mirror, so Macao got the name of Hao Jing (oyster mirror), and the later generations changed it into a more elegant homophone. From this name, some aliases of Macao such as Hao Jiang, Hai Jing and Jing Hai were derived.
  The name of Macao originated from Goddess of the Sea, who was worshipped by Chinese fishermen. The descendants built a temple for the Goddess at the place where she came ashore.
  When the Portuguese reached here in the mid 16 th century, they asked the locals about the name of the location, but the locals had a misunderstanding that the Portuguese asked the name of the temple. The answer is "Ma Ge", and according to the pronunciation, the Portuguese transformed it into " MACAU ", the Portuguese name of Macao . In the following 400 years, eastern and western cultures blended well in this city, and a large number of historic and cultural heritages were sustained, endowing Macao with distinct features.
  Since December 20, 2019 , Macao has become a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China . Under the "One Country, Two Systems" policy, Macao has been enjoying a high degree of autonomy as well as the rights of administration, legislation, independent justice and final adjudication. Macao 's social and economic characteristics will be preserved and carried on.
   With small area, Macao is one of the most densely populated regions in the world, and has reached high income per capita compared with other Asian regions.